Corporate Responsibility Report 2013
Corporate Responsibility Report 2013
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Emissions & the value chain

Other emission categories also have a significant impact on emissions in our value chain. We specifically look at emissions from:

  • Purchased goods and services: Emissions from the production of goods and services other than energy related or transportation services.

  • Capital goods: Emissions from the production and transport of capital goods.

  • Fuel and energy related activities: Emissions that occur during the extraction, production and transport of fuels.

  • Upstream transportation services: Our most relevant emissions category, including all subcontracted transportation services. We have been reporting on this category since 2007.

  • Business travel: Emissions from staff business travel. We have been reporting on this category as well since 2007.

  • Commuting: Emissions from employee commuting.

At 22.34 million tonnes of CO2e, upstream transportation makes up the largest part of our scope 3 inventory. Emissions from other categories can be found in the table on scope 3 data.

The Group’s own emissions (scopes 1 and 2) are calculated in our internal financial system using monthly energy and fuel consumption data as well as data from flight logs. To convert fuel use into emissions, we use emission factors published by acknowledged sources such as the EN 16258 or the International Energy Agency (IEA).

For our scope 3 emissions from transportation, we rely on detailed calculation methods that are based on our own operational data and allow for appropriate emissions factors for the various modes of transport. These model calculations are based on internationally accepted frameworks for emissions calculations, such as NTM (for air transport), the Handbook Emission Factors for Road Transport (for road transport) and data provided by the Clean Cargo Working Group (for ocean transport).

Other indirect emissions, such as from purchased goods and services and capital goods, are calculated based on environmentally extended input/output (EEIO) models, while emissions from commuting are based on extrapolated national statistics for commuting patterns. Emissions from fuel and energy-related activities are calculated based on our actual fuel use.

CO2e-emissions 2013 in Scope 3 by GHG category (in million tonnes)

Category
CO2e
Activities included/excluded
Calculation Methodology
Reviewed by PwC
1. Purchased goods and services
2.6
This category includes emissions from the production of goods and services purchased by us and not otherwise included in categories 2-8.
Emissions in this category were calculated using financial data and environmentally-extended input output (EEIO) models.
2. Capital goods
0.6
This category includes emissions from the production of capital goods acquired in the reporting year.
Emissions for all additions to our balance sheet were calculated using financial data and environmentally-extended input output (EEIO) models.
3. Fuel- and energy-related activities (not included in scope 1 or scope 2)
1.1
This category includes emissions from the extraction, production and transportation of fuels and energy we purchased and reported in scopes 1 and 2. It also includes transmission and distribution losses for the generation of electricity, district heating and cooling.
Emissions were calculated using primary data for fuel and energy use collected from all DPDHL entities globally and emission factors provided in the IPCC Guidelines, the International Energy Agency, the EN 16258 standard or the DEFRA reporting guidance.
4. Upstream transportation and distribution
27.0
transportation and distribution
22.3
This category includes emissions from transportation services purchased by us which are not already reported in scopes 1 and 2. It covers our global operations across all business units.
Emissions were calculated using data from operational and business intelligence systems. We used emission factors from NTM for air transport, the Clean Cargo Working Group (CCWG) for ocean transport and the Handbook Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) for road transport.
fuel- and energy-related activities for upstream transportation and distribution
4.7
This category includes emissions for fuel- and energy-related activities of our subcontracted transportation partners. Exceeding the minimum requirements of this category, we report on these emissions to fulfill the requirements of the EN 16258 standard and better compare the total GHG efficiency of own and subcontracted transports.
As value chain partners usually do not disclose fuel types used, emissions were calculated assuming most common fuel types (Air transports: Jet A-1; Road transports: Diesel; Maritime transports: HFO) and emission factors provided in the EN 16258 standard.
5. Waste generated in operations
not reported
This category is currently not reported, as sufficient reliable information to measure the emission source is not available on a global level and a limited quantitative and management relevance are expected.
6. Business travel
0.04
This category includes emissions from business travel from our global workforce via airplane. Emissions from business travel using company cars are included in our scopes 1 and 2. Currently, we do not report on emissions from business travel via buses, trains, private or rental cars as sufficient reliable information to measure the emission source is not available.
Due to limited data availability for 2013, we extrapolated data reported by our main travel agencies from previous years.
7. Employee commuting
0.5
This category includes emissions from employee commuting for our global workforce in vehicles not already included in scopes 1 and 2.
Emissions for employee commuting were calculated using data on our global workforce and national statistics.
8. Upstream leased assets
not applicable
This category is not applicable. The operation of leased assets is included in our scopes 1 and 2.
9. Downstream transportation and distribution
not reported
This category is currently not reported. All third party transport services purchased by us are included in category 4. Cases where transport services are performed by third parties which are not purchased/controlled by us were estimated and excluded due to limited quantitative and management relevance.
10. Processing of sold products
not applicable
This category is not applicable to our business, because we do not offer intermediate products for further processing.
11. Use of sold products
not applicable
This category is not applicable to our business as a provider of services
12. End-of-life treatment of sold products
not reported
This category is currently not reported, as sufficient reliable information to measure the emission source is not available and a limited quantitative and management relevance are expected.
13. Downstream leased assets
not reported
This category is currently not reported. Emissions were estimated and excluded due to limited quantitative and management relevance.
14. Franchises
not reported
This category is currently not reported. Emissions were estimated and excluded due to limited quantitative and management relevance.
15. Investments
not applicable
This category is not applicable to our business.